How Can Apply Data Science To Solve the Climate Crisis?
In today modern's life, we cannot deny the benefits of data science to firms and customers. However, not only the value of data bring benefits to firms and customers, but it also can help to solve climate crisis.
Fighting Climate Change with Data Science
Climate change science is one great example of how data science is assisting to make this world a better place to live. NASA’s Technical Reports Server (NTRS) have recently published a research that examines how large volumes of data may be evaluated and used to produce feasible solutions to the problem of climate change.
Climate science, according to the paper, is a big data field that is seeing unprecedented expansion. The issue is to better comprehend the consequences of these massive datasets and to establish the appropriate computational resources in order to design and deploy viable applications.
According to the paper, effective methods for releasing large-scale scientific data collections and doing scientific research based on enormous amounts of data must be made available promptly and efficiently. Data science’s role is to assist in the transformation of enormous scientific data sets into relevant scientific knowledge, allowing organizations to develop effective solutions to combat climate change.
A latest Forbes article lists a few more ways that data science is helping to solve the climate change problem. Organizations can reduce carbon emissions, for example, by installing sensors in their surroundings to track carbon pollution, using IoT sensors for monitoring energy consumption and waste, and analyzing raw, unstructured data to generate actionable intelligence in renewable energy sources like wind turbines.
Data Science Approaches Towards Climate Change
Carbon footprint analysis: Organizations can precisely quantify their carbon emissions by using AI-driven solutions. They can then determine what needs to be changed to reduce carbon footprints and implement sustainable supply chain strategies.
Conservation activities are also aided by big data. Ecologists can find locations that can be revived after lengthy times of drought or forest fire devastation using past data.
Raise awareness about climate change
Despite denialists’ best efforts to limit discussion of climate change, data on imminent climatic calamities remains strong. It’s just a matter of providing credible evidence and educating the public using data analytics.
Build products that are environmentally friendly
Data analytics can assist organizations related to sustainable production in developing product designs that reduce environmental effects. These companies may improve their manufacturing lines and products for greater sustainability by examining the relationship between materials, transportation, and product design and carbon pollution.
AI Helps in Climate Change
The advancement of artificial intelligence and machine learning technology has accelerated modern data science. AI has the unique capacity to detect patterns in vast volumes of data much faster than humans can. Data scientists can then utilize this information to assist find potential solutions to a variety of issues.
As per IDC, expenditures in analytics and AI are expected to reach $185 billion this year, with a 12 % compound annual growth rate (CAGR) through 2024. In fact, AI and ML have become so prominent in the data science world that the phrases are now almost interchangeable. As per Indeed, “AI” and “ML” were mentioned in 75 % of data science job listings. However, in the previous three years, competition for jobs with AI expertise has more than doubled.
Data Science Fit in Climate Science
Scientists are examining how data science may be used in climate studies at the moment. Running simulations and models based on current parameters like as sea levels and the pace at which the arctic ice are disappearing and comparing them to past climate data is the most basic application of this technological innovations.
Scientists can undertake both qualitative and quantitative testing by using data science processes to produce reliable predictions of severe climate effects that can deteriorate in a matter of a few years.
Furthermore, researchers from Stanford University and Arizona State University published a paper that emphasized the value of data analytics in detecting early warning indications of catastrophic weather trends in the future. The researchers were able to find past warning indications of extreme heat waves by using historical global temperature data.
Researchers can learn how particular behaviours can accelerate or lessen climate effects using data science. Sustainable home building, Texas solar buyback programs, and bio-fuel production are all examples of initiatives that can help to mitigate harmful climate impacts before they worsen.
For a long period of time, climate change has drawn a huge amount of attention. Climate change is having a negative impact all around the world. Sea levels are increasing, glaciers are melting, towns are experiencing frequent floods, and deforestation is on the rise, to name a few examples. During this generation, sea levels will rise by 2 to 7 feet. Climate change has a wide range of consequences, including financial and safety concerns. Weather Analytics, a company that provides climate data, believes that weather affects 33 percent of global GDP. Natural disasters such as tornadoes, earth quakes, wildfires, and hurricanes have well-documented negative consequences.